You can see the national weather warnings that NOAA publishes here. If you look at the page, you will notice that _all_ the legend swatches and text are presented under the map and you are left to your own means of locating the associated colors between the map and the legend grid to figure out what is on the map.
It would be nice if the legend grid could be dynamically generated to list only the swatch colors and their descriptions based on what is on the map. This is what this post tries to solve.
So NOAA publishes the national weather service maps as Esri ArcGIS REST endpoints. Using an instance of an ArcGISDynamicMapServiceLayer subclass, I can intercept the reponse image. Once I have the image bitmap data, I can get a histogram of the color distribution. Now using NOAA color map, I can associate a color with a description and populate a legend UI component. Check out the application in action here. The legend located on the top right corner is not fully transparent, roll the mouse over it to make it fully opaque. And like usual, you can download the source code from here.
Update: Looks like my usage and processing of the histogram does not lead me to a unique set of colors. So I reverted back to good old fashion looping through the pixels and creating a unique bucket of colors. Works pretty fast and more importantly correctly :-) A colleague at Esri was wondering if you can click on the map and popup an info window containing the label of the weather at that location, so I updated the code to handle this request - Thanks Mehul.